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TOTOP

Location/Climate/Geography

Location

The Mudeungsan Geopark is in the administrative districts of Gwangju City and Jeollanam Province including Damyang County and Hwasun County.

  • The Geopark is about 61 km north-south and 48 km east-west at its maximum dimensions.
  • The total area is about 105,136 ha.
  • The core is approximately 7,500 ha and is protected within Mudeungsan National Park.

    Scroll the table to both sides.

    Location
    Name Administrative District Area(ha) Percentage(%)
    Mudeungsan Geopark Gwangju City 50,118 48
    Jeollanam Province Damyang County 45,500 43
    Hwasun County 9,518 9
    Total area 105,136 100

Climate

  • Under the influence of the Asia Monsoon, the Korean Peninsula has very distinctive climate characteristics with a clear seasonal expression.
  • The Mudeungsan Geopark is located in a region affected by the Jeju sea current and low atmospheric pressure systems moving from southwest giving more rain and higher temperatures throughout the year.
  • The relatively high altitude of Mt. Mudeungsan means that its average annual temperature is approximately 5℃ lower than the average yearly temperature of Gwangju City (13.7℃). The area has northwesterly winds in the winter.
  • Westerly and southerly winds dominate in the summer but as they are blocked by the Mt. Mudeungsan they rise upward creating orographic rainfall events.

Geomorphology

  • Mudeungsan is a famous mountain towering high above the eastern boundary of Gwangju City, spanning Damyang County and Hwasun County.
  • The mountain with its roundish form gives an impression of gentleness and reliability and has long been celebrated by many people who think that the mountain has a moral function.
  • Such celebration has sometimes made the mountain a subject of religious beliefs or a symbol of resistance and people’s consciousness of the environment.
  • Many temples, cultural assets and art galleries are in great harmony with the magnificent scenery of Mt. Mudeungsan which boasts of picturesque views of the Ipseokdae Colonnade, Seoseokdae Colonnade, and Gyubong (Gwangseokdae) Colonnade.
  • Colonnade exposures together with many other topographic features including steep cliffs, block streams, natural caves and waterfalls.

Biota

  • The Mudeungsan Geopark, despite its location near downtown Gwangju City, has a diverse forest area consisting of 17 vegetation groups.
  • The Geopark is an ecologically important place with many species requiring special protection.
  • It is a repository of ecosystems with a wide variety of fauna and flora including 1,299 plant species, 25 mammals, 15 amphibians and reptiles, 80 freshwater invertebrates, 395 insects and 75 birds.
  • There are nine nationally designated natural monument species including Steller’s sea eagle (No. 243), Grey frog hawk (No. 323), Sparrow hawk (No. 323-4), Kestrel (No. 323-8), Mandarin duck (No. 327), and Cuckoo (No. 447) as well as species designated to be protected by the Environment Ministry such as the Leopard cat, Long-billed plover and the Korean buzzard all listed as endangered species Class II.
  • The Damyang wetland, adjacent to Mt. Mudeungsan, possesses a large scale bamboo colony. It is a significant ecological resource inhabited by numerous migratory birds, amphibians and reptiles.