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Physical and human geography
- The Geopark is located in the southern part of the Korean peninsula near the large regional city of Gwangju.
- About half of the City area is forested. This area is included in the Geopark which is focused on Mt.
- Mudeung which rises about 1,100 m above the lowlands.
- The mountains and individual features have deep symbolic values for the local people and for wider Korea.
- It has many scenic features based on the geology and topography of the largely volcanic mountain.
- It's scenery and symbolic role have been recognised for many centuries.
- The climate is much influenced by the mountains and is warm and temperate.
- There is significant rainfall in each month.
- The Geopark is also significant for its ecosystems.
- It protects a number of endangered and vulnerable plant and animal species.
- Administration is shared between Gwangju City and two counties of Jeollanam Province.
- The total population of the city and counties is more than 1.6 million.
- A Geopark management team and visitor centers are present as are geotrails.
- Local communities and NGOs are deeply involved with the management and interpretation of the park.
- The core area of 75 km2 is within Mudeungsan National Park.
- In and around the Geopark there are many villages and cultural features closely connected to Mt. Mudeung.
- These include both ancient and modern Buddhist and Confucian temples, shrines, ancient pavilions, museums, art galleries and so on.
- There are also a range of intangible values including various rituals.
Geological features and geology of international significance
- Twenty geosites have been identified in the 105,136 ha mountainous Geopark.
- Seven geological periods are represented.
- The geosites range from five large colonnades of polygonally jointed tuff columns recording at least three phases of Cretaceous volcanic activity, extensive periglacially-produced block streams and cryoplanation surfaces, unusual microclimatic environments within talus accumulations, dinosaur footprints and trackways, and a variety of other geological and geomorphological features such as lengthy scenic cliff-lines and waterfalls.
- One geosite, a 15th century specialized celadon pottery kiln, integrates geology and culture as does a large temple site with numerous Buddha statues and pagodas created from tuff.
- Seven geosites have international significance.
- The most important are an 11 km2 area with five sets of columnar-jointed colonnades (the extent of jointing and joint is amongst the largest in the world and includes the world’s largest columns in terms of cross-section with column faces up to seven meters width); a site with almost 600 Bronze Age quarries and dolmens and the dinosaur site with more than 1,500 footprints and more than 70 trackways.
- The three geosites are on the World Heritage List and the Korean Tentative Lists, respectively. Ten of the sites have national significance.