- The Mudeungsan Area Geopark, despite its location near downtown Gwangju-si, has a diverse forest area consisting of 17 vegetation groups.
- The Geopark is an ecologically important place with many species requiring special protection.
- It is a repository of ecosystems with a wide variety of fauna and flora including 1,299 plant species, 25 mammals, 15 amphibians and reptiles, 80 freshwater invertebrates, 395 insects and 75 birds.
- Included are nine nationally designated natural monument species including Steller’s sea eagle (No. 243), Grey frog hawk (No. 323), Sparrow hawk (No. 323-4), Kestrel (No. 323-8), Mandarin duck (No. 327), and Cuckoo (No. 447) as well as species designated to be protected by the Environment Ministry such as the Leopard cat, Long-billed plover and the Korean buzzard all listed as endangered species Class II.
- The Damyang wetland, adjacent to Mudeungsan, possesses a large scale bamboo colony. It is a significant ecological resource inhabited by numerous migratory birds, amphibians and reptiles.