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Location/Climate/Geography

Location

The Mudeungsan Area Geopark is in the administrative districts of Gwangju-si (si=city) and Jeollanam-do(do=province) including Damyang-gun (gun=county) and parts of Hwasun-gun (i..g., Hwasun-eup (eup=town), Yiseo-myeon (myeon= township), Buk-myeon, Doam-myeon, Dogok-myeon, and Nam-myeon).

  • The Geopark is about 61 km north-south and 48 km east-west at its maximum dimensions.
  • The total area is about 105,136 ha.
  • The core is approximately 7,500 ha and is protected within Mudeungsan National Park.
  • The Geopark is within the administrative district of Gwangju-si with a part east of Gwangju-si and a further section to the north in Gwangju-buk (buk=district).
  • In Jeollanam-do, parts lie in Damyang-gun and Hwasun-gun. The areas of each part within the administrative districts is shown in Table 1.
  • The boundaries of the Geopark are based on local roads, which are the boundaries of four further cadastral subdivisions termed “gu”.

    Scroll the table to both sides.

    Location
    Name Administrative District Area(ha) Percentage(%)
    Mudeungsan Area Geopark Gwangju-si 50,118 48
    Jeollanam-do Damyang-gun 45,500 43
    Hwasun-gun 9,518 9
    Total area 105,136 100

Climate

Under the influence of the Asia Monsoon, the Korean Peninsula has very distinctive climate characteristics with a clear seasonal expression.
The Mudeungsan Area Geopark is located in a region affected by the Jeju sea current and low atmospheric pressure systems moving from southwest giving more rain and higher temperatures throughout the year.
The relatively high altitude of Mudeungsan means that its average annual temperature is approximately 5℃ lower than the average yearly temperature of Gwangju-si (13.7℃). The area has northwesterly winds in the winter.
Westerly and southerly winds dominate in the summer but as they are blocked by the Mudeungsan they rise upward creating orographic rainfall events.

Geomorphology

Mudeungsan is a famous mountain towering high above the eastern boundary of Gwangju-si, spanning Damyang-gun and Hwasun-gun.
The mountain with its roundish form gives an impression of gentleness and reliability and has long been celebrated by many people who think that the mountain has a moral function.
Such celebration has sometimes made the mountain a subject of religious beliefs or a symbol of resistance and people’s consciousness of the environment.
Many temples, cultural assets and art galleries are in great harmony with the magnificent scenery of Mudeungsan which boasts of picturesque views of the Ipseokdae Colonnade, Seoseokdae Colonnade, and Gwangseokdae Colonnade columnar joint exposures together with many other topographic features including steep cliffs, block streams, natural caves and waterfalls.